Temporomandibular Joint Disorders

Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) disorders are conditions affecting the jaw joints and surrounding muscles and ligaments. It can be caused by trauma, an improper bite, arthritis or wear and tear. Common symptoms include jaw tenderness, headaches, earaches and facial pain.

The study reviews recent advances in temporomandibular joint (TMJ) or masticatory system related neurology, suggests the TMJ as a neurological window and lever. The TMJ is integrated with the brainstem centers via the sensorimotor system, including the body balance and coordination control systems.

The following tips may help to reduce symptoms of TMJ disorders:

  1. Avoid overuse of jaw muscles. Eat soft foods. ...

  2. Stretching and massage. Your doctor, dentist or physical therapist may show you how to do exercises that stretch and strengthen your jaw muscles and how to massage the muscles yourself.

  3. Heat or cold.