A broad term used describing surgeries involving gum tissue and the surrounding structures. These procedures include Gingivectomy and Gingivoplasty, Gingival Flap Surgery and Crown Lengthening.
Gingivectomy and Gingivoplasty:
Gingivectomy is the removal of gum tissue (gingiva) by surgery. Usually this procedure is done for cosmetic reasons or because the tissue is very inflamed or diseased.
Gingival Flap Surgery:
Gingival flap surgery is a type of gum procedure. The gums are separated from the teeth and folded back temporarily. This allows a dentist to reach the root of the tooth and the bone. Gingival flap surgery is used to treat gum disease (periodontitis). It may be recommended for people with moderate or advanced periodontitis. Usually, a treatment that doesn't involve surgery is done first. This is called scaling and root planing. If this treatment does not eliminate the gum infection, gingival flap surgery may be used. It also may be done along with another procedure known as osseous (bone) surgery.
Crown lengthening is done when a tooth needs to be fixed. Sometimes, not enough of the tooth sticks out above the gum to support a filling or crown.
This can happen when a tooth breaks off at the gum line. It also can happen when a crown or filling falls out of a tooth and there is decay underneath. To place a filling or crown, your dentist needs to expose more of the tooth. This is done by removing some gum tissue or bone. Some people have a lot of gum tissue around their upper teeth. Dentists call this "gummy smile." This also can be treated with crown lengthening.